....Founded in 1966 in Oakland, California, in response to a cop killing of a sixteen-year old Black youth, the Black Panther Party for Self-Defense over the next several years attracted thousands of young Blacks and others repelled by the evils of racism and looking for strategies that addressed the source of the oppression they were fighting. In their search for anticapitalist solutions, however, the leadership of the Black Panthers instead found Stalinism, which at the time still had substantial reserves worldwide. By the end of the 1960s, the combination of thug methods, class-collaborationist illusions, and ultraleft adventures the Panthers absorbed from Stalinism left them wide open to deadly disruption operations by the FBI and other police agencies. Some twenty Panthers were killed, either directly by cops - as in the case of Fred Hampton, murdered in his bed in 1969 by the Chicago police - or in shoot-outs with cops or each other urged on by government provocateurs. Numerous other Panthers were framed up and railroaded to prison.
From the article:
The Militant - 9/14/98 -- The Political Legacy Of Malcolm X And The Struggle For Black Freedom